International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Robotics & IoT
Hong Kong Bapist University, P.R.C
Title: Performance Modeling and Evaluation of Distributed Deep Learning Frameworks on GPUs
Biography: Xiowen Chu
Deep learning frameworks have been widely deployed on GPU servers for deep learning applications in both academia and industry. In training deep neural networks (DNNs), there are many standard processes or algorithms, such as convolution and stochastic gradient descent (SGD), but the running performance of different frameworks might be different even running the same deep model on the same GPU hardware. In this paper, we evaluate the running performance of four state-of-the-art distributed deep learning frameworks (i.e., Caffe-MPI, CNTK, MXNet and TensorFlow) over single-GPU, multi-GPU and multi-node environments. We first build performance models of standard processes in training DNNs with SGD, and then we benchmark the running performance of these frameworks with three popular convolutional neural networks (i.e., AlexNet, GoogleNet and ResNet-50), after that we analyze what factors that results in the performance gap among these four frameworks. Through both analytical and experimental analysis, we identify bottlenecks and overheads which could be further optimized. The main contribution is that the proposed performance models and the analysis provide further optimization directions in both algorithmic design and system configuration.